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    April 11, 2014:
    Fall 2014 Children's Sneak Peek
    A peek at forthcoming middle grade books (as well as picture books and YA books) in a round-up from Publisher's Weekly. First printed in the February 22 issue, but now available online. Time to add to your to-read list. Read more ...

    April 9, 2014:
    How many Newbery winners have you read?
    You could make a traditional list of all the Newbery Medal Award-winning Children's Books you've read, but there's something so satisfying when you check them off and get a final tally on this BuzzFeed quiz. Read more ...

    March 28, 2014:
    Middle Grade fiction is hot at 2014 Bologna Children's Book Fair

    For the second year in a row, publishers are clamoring for middle-grade, reporters Publishers Weekly. "I’ve been coming [to Bologna] for 12 to 15 years, and I’ve never had as many European publishers asking for middle-grade," said Steven Chudney of the Chudney Agency. Read more ...

    February 14, 2014:
    Cybils Awards announced
    Ultra by David Carroll (Scholastic Canada) wins the Cybil for middle grade fiction; Lockwood & Co: The Screaming Staircase by Jonathan Stroud (Disney Hyperion) wins for Speculative Fiction. Read more.

    January 27, 2014: And the Newbery Medal goes to ...
    Kate DiCamillo won the Newbery Medal for "Flora & Ulysses"; Rita Williams-Garcia won the Coretta Scott King Author award for "P.S. Be Eleven." Newbery Honor awards to authors Vince Vawter, Amy Timberlake, Kevin Henkes and Holly Black. For all the exciting ALA Youth Media Award News ... READ MORE

    November 12, 2013:
    Vote in the GoodReads semifinal round

    Readers' votes have narrowed the middle-grade semifinals down to 20 titles. Log in to your GoodReads account and vote for your favorite middle-grade (and in other categories, of course). Read more ...

    November 9, 2013:
    Publishers Weekly Top Children's Books of 2013

    Middle-grade and young adult titles selected by the editors of Publishers Weekly as their top picks of the year. Let the season of "top ten books" begin! Read more ...

    October 14, 2013:
    Middle Shelf: Cool Reads for Kids debuts January 2014

    Shelf Media Group, publisher of Shelf Unbound indie book review magazine, will launch a new free digital-only publication for middle-grade readers. The debut issue features interviews with such notable authors as Margaret Peterson Haddix and Chris Grabenstein as well as reviews, excerpts, and more. Middle Shelf will be published bi-monthly beginning in January 2014.
    Read more ...

    September 19, 2013: Writer-in-Residence program at Thurber House

    Dream of time and space to focus on your own writing project? Applications now being accepted (11/1/2013 deadline) for The Thurber House Residency in Children's Literature, a month-long retreat in the furnished third-floor apartment of Thurber House in Columbus, Ohio. Read more ...

    September 18, 2013: Vermont College of Fine Arts Scholarship opportunity

    Barry Goldblatt Literary launches The Angela Johnson Scholarship, a talent-based grant for writers of color attending the MFA in Writing for Children & Young Adults program at VCFA. Up to two $5,000 grants will be awarded each year. Read more ....

    September 16, 2013:
    National Book Awards longlist for youth literature

    For the first time, the NBA is presenting lists of 10 books/authors on the longlist in each category. The 2013 young adult literature list includes five middle grade novels and five YA. Read more ...

    Sept. 13, 2013: Spring preview
    Check out Publishers Weekly roundup of upcoming children's books to be published in spring 2014. Read more...

    August 21, 2013:
    Want to be a Cybils Award Judge?

    Middle grade categories are fiction, speculative fiction, nonfiction. Applications due August 31! Read more ...

    August 19, 2013:
    S&S and BN reach a deal
    Readers will soon be able to find books from Simon & Schuster at Barnes & Noble. The bookstore chain was locked in a disagreement with the publisher over how much it was willing to pay for books. Read more ...

    August 6, 2013:
    NPR's 100 Must-Reads for Kids
    NPR's Backseat Book Club asked listeners to nominate their favorite books for readers ages 9 to 14. More than 2,000 people nominated titles, and a panel of Newbery authors brought the list to 100. Most are middle grade books. Read more ...

    July 2, 2013:
    Penguin & Random House Merger

    The new company, Penguin Random House, will control more than 25 percent of the trade book market in the United States. On Monday, the newly formed company began to take shape, only hours after a middle-of-the-night announcement that the long-planned merger had been completed. Read more ...

    March 28, 2013: Big at Bologna

     This year at the Bologna Children's Book Fair, the focus has shifted to middle-grade.  “A lot of foreign publishers are cutting back on YA and are looking for middle-grade,” said agent Laura Langlie, according to Publisher's Weekly.  Lighly illustrated or stand-alone contemporary middle-grade fiction is getting the most attention.  Read more...


    March 10, 2013: Marching to New Titles

    Check out these titles releasing in March...


    March 5, 2013: Catch the BEA Buzz

    Titles for BEA's Editor Buzz panels have been announced.  The middle-grade titles selected are:

    A Very Nearly Honorable League of Pirates #1: Magic Marks the Spot by Caroline Carlson

    Counting By 7s by Holly Goldberg Sloan

    The Fantastic Family Whipple by Matthew Ward

    Nick and Tesla's High-Voltages Danger Lab by Bob Pflugfelder and Steve Hockensmith

    The Tie Fetch by Amy Herrick

    For more Buzz books in other categories,


    February 20, 2013: Lunching at the MG Roundtable 

    Earlier this month, MG authors Jeanne Birdsall, Rebecca Stead, and N.D. Wilson shared insight about writing for the middle grades at an informal luncheon with librarians held in conjunction with the New York Public Library's Children's Literary Salon "Middle Grade: Surviving the Onslaught."

    Read about their thoughts...


    February 10, 2013: New Books to Love

    Check out these new titles releasing in February...


    January 28, 2013: Ivan Tops List of Winners

    The American Library Association today honored the best of the best from 2012, announcing the winners of the Newbery, Caldecott, and Printz awards, along with a host of other prestigious youth media awards, at their annual winter meeting in Seattle.

    The Newbery Medal for the most outstanding contribution to children’s literature went to The One and Only Ivan by Katherine Applegate. Honor books were: Splendors and Glooms by Laura Amy Schlitz; Bomb: The Race to Build--and Steal--the World’s Most Dangerous Weapon by Steve Sheinkin; and Three Times Lucky by Sheila Turnage.

    The Coretta Scott King Book Award went to Hand in Hand: Ten Black Men Who Changed America written by Andrea Davis Pinkney and illustrated by Brian Pinkney.

    The Laura Ingalls Wilder Award,which honors an author for his or her long-standing contributions to children’s literature, was presented to Katherine Paterson.

    The Pura Belpre Author Award, which honors a Latino author, went to Benjamin Alire Saenz for his novel Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe, which was also named a Printz Honor book and won the Stonewall Book Award for its portrayal of the GLBT experience.

    For a complete list of winners…


    January 22, 2013: Biography Wins Sydney Taylor

    Louise Borden's His Name Was Raoul Wallenberg, a verse biography of the Swedish humanitarian, has won the Sydney Taylor Award in the middle-grade category. The award is given annually to books of the highest literary merit that highlight the Jewish experience. Aimee Lurie, chair of the awards committee, writes, "Louise Borden's well-researched biography will, without a doubt, inspire children to perform acts of kindness and speak out against oppression."

    For more...


    January 17, 2013: Erdrich Wins Second O'Dell

    Louise Erdrich is recipient of the 2013 Scott O'Dell Award for her historical novel Chickadee, the fourth book in herBirchbark House series. Roger Sutton,Horn Book editor and chair of the awards committee, says of Chickadee,"The book has humor and suspense (and disarmingly simple pencil illustrations by the author), providing a picture of 1860s Anishinabe life that is never didactic or exotic and is briskly detailed with the kind of information young readers enjoy." Erdrich also won the O'Dell Award in 2006 for The Game of Silence, the second book in theBirchbark series. 

    For more...


    January 15, 2013: After the Call

    Past Newbery winners Jack Gantos, Clare Vanderpool, Neil Gaiman, Rebecca Stead, and Laura Amy Schlitz talk about how winning the Newbery changed (or didn't change) their lives in this piece from Publishers Weekly...


    January 2, 2013: On the Big Screen

    One of our Mixed-up Files members may be headed to the movies! Jennifer Nielsen's fantasy adventure novel The False Prince is being adapted for Paramount Pictures by Bryan Cogman, story editor for HBO's Game of Thrones. For more...


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The Line Is Blurry

Giveaways, Uncategorized

I’m walking through the bookstore, inhaling the aroma of ink and paper (I avoid the café and bathroom areas) when I notice one of the employees drawing a line on the carpet. When he’s finished, he stands back to admire his work.

            “It’s blurry,” I say.

            “I know. Perfect, right?” He sniffs the bristles of his paint brush for some reason; a few white speckles now coat the tip of his rather large nose.

            “But,” I start to say.

            “Chicken butt!” He throws back his head, cackles like a loon and walks away. That’s not how that joke goes.

            I look at the line again. Blurry. I rub my eyes. Still blurry. Maybe I’m dreaming, so I ask this guy walking by to pinch me. I guess he must have thought I said, “Punch Me,” because I end up taking one to the chin. Plus he threatens to call security.

But I digest. Once my mind clears, I notice this blurry line is painted right between the Middle Grade (MG) books and the Young Adult (YA) books. I sense someone is trying to tell me something. And, no, it’s not my mother’s voice in my head again.

Sometimes it’s really hard to tell if a book is MG or YA, the line is blurry. And I’m sure most parents wouldn’t want to give their child something the young boy or girl isn’t quite ready to read. Or, if it’s too far above their level, the book may seem like work for them to read. We don’t want that!

Of course there are plenty of books that fit perfectly into the MG category. For example, Me and the Pumpkin Queen by Marlane Kennedy is not only a wonderful book, but fits snuggly into the MG age group.

But what about some other books. How about The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe? Sure the characters meet the age requirements laid out my ‘The Middle Grade Corporation of Age Limit Discrimination’, but what about the premise, the setting, the storyline, the vocabulary… can the average MG reader follow along easily? I’m sure many have read it and thought it brilliant; others may have given up on the story early on, while others simply enjoyed the movies.

For me, the best example between MG and YA is the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. The first two books, The Sorcerer’s Stone and The Chamber of Secrets are pure MG with Harry being 11 in the first, 12 in the second. Then the line begins to blur when Harry turns 13 in The Prisoner of Azkaban.

Even the library gets confused when shelving certain books. My local library has Artemis Fowl by Eoin Colfer and Skulduggery Pleasant by Derek Landy in the YA section. What’s up with that?

Another MG book I think may be sitting on this blurry line is Neil Gaiman’s The Graveyard Book. I loved this book, I would have eaten it up as a young MG reader, but others might think differently.

So what causes this line to be so blurry? Some of it comes down to the reader; some of it comes down to the book. Kids read at different levels of maturity during the 8 to 12 years. Some are ready for The Graveyard Book, others for Me and the Pumpkin Queen. And, yes, I’m actually ready for both, thank you very much.

As for the book, it’s a combination of many things, the age of the protagonist, the story, the word count, the vocabulary and many other things.

So, what MG books, in your opinion, are teetering on the blurry line? What elements of a book cause it to fall one way or the other? For those who leave a comment (before noon tomorrow EST), I’ll draw a name and that person will win an autographed copy of Dean Lorey’s Nightmare Academy 3 – Monster War.

As the father of 4 daughters, Brian Kell hides out in the bathroom weeping most of the time.  He writes humorous YA and MG books. He’s still trying to break through the plastic-wrap ceiling and get one of his books on the shelves. Find out everything you didn’t want to know and less at http://brian-ohio.livejournal.com.



  1. Charlotte  •  Sep 20, 2010 @8:17 am

    I agree, it can be so very hard to draw a sharp line! Every year at Cybils Awards time it comes to a head for me, when books have to be firmly slotted into one category or the other to be considered, and I see books that I would personally put elsewhere….

    It’s a lot easier when one can fudge it, and say things in one’s own reviews like–”technically middle grade, because that’s what the publisher says and there are no really scary bits and no sex, but really it read to me like YA because of the theme of coming closer to adulthood and because the narrative style might daunt a young reader” or “even though this is catagorized as YA, it reads like middle grade due to the lighthearted nature of the storytelling, and the lack of sex and violence” or something like that.

    So blurry….

  2. Laura Pauling  •  Sep 20, 2010 @8:24 am

    I think some books are good for both. And it’s not all about age. Ally Carter books are YA b/c the character is 16 but totally great for middle graders. Barrie Summy mystery books are mg but enjoyable for teens too. I think an MG veers toward YA when the emotional content or language or scare factor is not for middle schoolers. But it all depends on the middle schooler. The upper MG books are definitely cross overs just like YA crosses over to adult. There is a definite difference between young YA and YA that’s for 17 and older.

  3. bogwitch64  •  Sep 20, 2010 @8:33 am

    It is tricky. There are some very obviously MG, like Greg VanEekhout’s Kid vs. Squid, and Jon Gibbs’ Fur-Face. Then there are the obvious YA books like Lois Lowry’s The Giver and MT Anderson’s Feed.

    But what about Jerry Spinelli? Milkweed’s protag is 12, the word count is on the low side, but the subject matter–Poland’s Ghetto during WW2–NOT MG. And his poignantly hopeful book Loser–again, protag age and word count make it MG, but the issues within the book itself might be a bit much for younger readers to process.

    For those on that blurry line, how about, “MG w/ YA tendencies”? ;)

  4. karen wester newton  •  Sep 20, 2010 @9:14 am

    I concur with Bogwitch64. I think Neil Gaiman’s “kids’ books” illustrate that if a book is well written, and doesn’t have a lot of sex or violence, it can appeal to kids, teens, and adults. CORALINE said it was for “ages 8 and up” but it was so scary, I would have been terrified by it at age 8. THE HUNGER GAMES is is popular with teens and adults but is too violent for kids. On the other hand, look at UP, the Pixar movie. It works for pretty much any age group.

  5. Amanda Marrone  •  Sep 20, 2010 @10:08 am

    My new magic repair shop is labeled as 8-12, but 12 year olds are in middle school now and reading a lot of YA and I’m wondering if they’d want to read about a sixth grader working in a magic repair shop? So I questioned the age range put on my book. But I agree, some books are clearly one or the other, but I knew more than a few 5th and 6th graders who were reading The Hunger Games.

  6. Kay Theodoratus  •  Sep 20, 2010 @10:53 am

    Of course, lines between categories are blurry. They are designed for convenience.

    Categories are arbitrary guidelines. If an adult reads a “MG” or “YA” book, it doesn’t turn a book into an “adult” book?

  7. Megan/ Inkbabies  •  Sep 20, 2010 @11:22 am

    My MG or YA lines have blurred between my children as well…LOL. Books that Tim enjoys at 11 are too mature for Tallin, but Nick read them at 9 or 10.

  8. brian_ohio  •  Sep 20, 2010 @11:27 am

    Kay, I agree with you. There has to be a starting point for readers. After that, it’s up to the reader and the book as to what fits best.

  9. Karen Scott  •  Sep 20, 2010 @12:52 pm

    Right now, I’m reading one of the Kiki Strike series by Kirstin Miller. I picked it up expecting a very solid MG mystery. And for many MGers, I think that holds true. Although…now that I’m part way through, some of the vocabulary and even some of the situations are striking me as either at the high end of the middle grade age range, or even a bit above. I’m thoroughly enjoying these girls and their dark adventures!

  10. Liz Straw  •  Sep 20, 2010 @5:41 pm

    I was just at the library… I find it odd that books I would put in the general fiction end up in the teen or YA part of the library. Like many libraries in the general section (which includes early chapter books to MG) they set aside Science Fiction, Mysteries, and Sport stories. This does not mean all science fiction, mysteries or sport stories end up in these sections, just the very obvious ones… Sammy Keyes books are in the Teen/YA area.

    Most series books except for Nancy Drew, Hardy Boys, Box Car Children are in an area by the Teen/YA section.

    Except for Harry Potter which is on the top shelf of the books in the general section.

    Definitely blurred.

  11. Tracy  •  Sep 20, 2010 @5:51 pm

    I agree with you regarding Narnia and Harry, I have often wondered how they are shelved in the MG section. And someone mentioned Coraline. For an average 9 year old, it could be scary, but for a child more mature…no problem. Then again, so many fairy tales, if you read the orignial version, are REALLY scary. But I see the line blurring for YA and adult, too. I really think it comes down to what you said, the protagonist age, the level of violence, and the maturity of the reader.

  12. Jennifer  •  Sep 20, 2010 @6:12 pm

    Well, in my library I have Harry Potter in juvenile, Percy Jackson in YA, Artemis Fowl in juvenile, Skulduggery and Kiki Strike in YA, L. M. Montgomery in juvenile, and just to keep things fair, Narnia Chronicles in both juvenile and YA. When Naylor and Myracle’s Alice and Winnie characters turned 13, they moved upstairs to teen. But all the Harry Potter is downstairs in juvenile. Diana Wynne Jones is in teen, L’engle in both juvenile and teen.

    I try to tell myself that it ensures all ages, tastes, and maturity levels will find something they like…

  13. Jennifer  •  Sep 20, 2010 @6:14 pm

    I should add that I made few of these decisions – we simply added books to series already in place. I am planning to move Percy Jackson downstairs b/c mostly 5th graders ask for him…

  14. Cathe Olson  •  Sep 20, 2010 @6:46 pm

    This past summer my nine-year-old daughter read Once Upon a Marigold, which she won thru the summer reading program. She asked for the next in the series and I was surprised to find both books in the YA section of the library. I read the book to see if it had content inappropriate for her (it didn’t) but I guess what made it YA was that there was some romance in it.

  15. Kathy  •  Sep 20, 2010 @6:48 pm

    I’ve got to get to the library and read more MG and YA books. Some of those mentioned by others sound fantastic!

  16. Sayantani DasGupta  •  Sep 20, 2010 @7:13 pm

    My precocious reader 8yo loves the Percy Jackson series (YA – at least by our library’s shelving system) but feels like Blue Baillet’s “Chasing Vermeer” books are a bit too complicated to dive into (MG – I think pretty much by every library’s shelving system). Harry Potter, absolutely on the line (In our house, HP1-3 feel MG, 4 and up scarier, so YA-ish) The 39 Clues books are also officially YA – but my kid gobbled them up easily – so clearly there’s a lot of MG cross over appeal…

  17. Heidi  •  Sep 21, 2010 @2:42 am

    What Jamie Saw by Carolyn Coman is a blurred line of MG and YA for me. It is brilliantly written, the content is mature but the main character is an eight year old, told from his perspective of course. I’ve always wondered that this book could even pass as adult.
    Another example for me is Tales of Despereaux by Kate Dicamillo. Another brilliantly written book this time about a mouse, a young character, but the imagery and plot line of evil and death..borderline YA.
    Two of my favorite books by two of my favorite authors, both on the blurred line of MG & YA. Ahhhh, I could be so lucky to write one :)

  18. Sara Zoe  •  Sep 21, 2010 @6:50 am

    Realistic fiction is the hardest for me, that’s probably an obvious statement, but my own guidelines waver more for fantasy and sci-fi … I think I’m trying to give kids a buffer in a way, to read and think about things that are on the older side but be able to feel a little distance because of the unreality of the story format.

  19. Amie Kaufman  •  Sep 21, 2010 @6:52 am

    I think it depends a lot on the kid. I was reading the Narnia books when I was eight, and I loved them. When I read them again at twelve and fifteen (and now, at twenty-nine, and many times in between) I found even more in them. Sometimes a book can be both, depending on who you are. I think Heidi is right – Despereaux by Kate DiCamillo is a fantastic example of this.

  20. Lana  •  Sep 21, 2010 @9:19 am

    I recently read “As Easy As Falling Off the Face of the Earth,” which felt like an olderMG/youngerYA book. Right on the fence. No issues with content, not much in the way of romance, the main character’s age is 13 or 14. So really it could go either way. I imagine many advanced readers of the 10-12 age range will enjoy this book. It’s a wonderful book and I highly recommend it.

    It’s funny because some of the books mentioned as “clearly YA” in the above comments are books that I think of as older MG. So yeah, blurry. I can live with blurry.

  21. Linda Wilt  •  Sep 21, 2010 @9:43 am

    The line between MG and YA might be blurry, but this post is right on target. I have recently switched my query from YA to “Upper MG/Tween.” We’ll see how it flies. :)

  22. brian_ohio  •  Sep 21, 2010 @11:44 am

    Linda, I couldn’t agree more… this post borders on brilliant. No? ;-)

    Thanks for all the great replies to this… lots of different books mentioned. I’m sure libraries and bookstores struggle with where to place what, but in the end… if the reader REALLY wants it… they’ll find it.

    Now to draw the winner!

  23. Mindy Alyse Weiss  •  Sep 21, 2010 @6:57 pm

    Great post, Brian. It’s definitely hard to see where the line is sometimes. I’ve seen books that have a main character as old as 14, which normally would be YA, but the reading level listed on bookstore sites is 9-12.